Implementing Panopto for recording, pre-recording and streaming teaching via audio and video to provide more options for delivering and accessing teacher-led learning.
Audio and/or video recording of lectures, along with capture of the lecture slides, provides an electronic resource for students that can be used for revision, catch-up if a lecture is missed, review of content not clear from the lecture, distance learning, etc. The recording can be played back on a PC or portable media player (e.g. iPad, MP3 player). Recorded lectures can be embedded in a Moodle course along with other learning materials.
There is the future opportunity to pre-record teaching sessions (for example in the lecturer’s office) for viewing by students before a lecture. This would then enable the lecture time to be used for more interactive teaching and learning.
- Increasing student engagement
- Good selling point for prospective students
- Alternative route for students to solve problems, reducing the need to contact the tutor
- Students can revisit the lecture as often as they wish, particularly useful for anything missed in class
- Useful for revision
- More flexibility in note-taking, since students can go back over material missed in class
- Potential for pre-recording of lectures for viewing in advance of the lecture session, thus making more time for active learning during class
- Students can catch up if they miss a lecture (it is generally reported that there is no noticeable impact on student attendance at lectures)
- Learning material can be made accessible to other audiences (distance learning)
- Increased accessibility for hearing impaired and non-native speaking students, International students.
- Useful for timetable clashes or part-time students
- Can be viewed via Moodle
- Lecturers are able to review their own materials and performance and invite peer review
Non-standard lecture delivery
For subjects such as Maths where a lot of use is made of whiteboards, we would need to look at the further use of the technology to capture these presentations:
- Smartboard contributions can be captured by the recording system
- Document cameras can be used to capture documents being projected
- With the use of a tablet PC, drawings created on the screen can be captured
Will this encourage student non-attendance?
There is a perception that students will not attend lectures if they know that they are being recorded. However, this is not generally borne out by practitioners, or the research done in this area (see Lecture Capture Experiences from Sussex).
The existing copyright regulations will apply to material recorded in a lecture. The responsibility lies with the Lecturer not to infringe the intellectual property rights of third parties. In the context of lecture recording, this means copyright material should not be included without written permission to use it.
It is possible to pause or edit recordings afterwards to remove any such material included in error.
Approach at Royal Holloway
- Recordings will be made on an ‘opt-in’ basis – the initial focus is to make the technology available so that Academic staff can try it if they wish
- Lectures requested for recording will be pre-scheduled to start and finish automatically, so that the lecturer doesn’t have to spend time on set-up
- Audio and screen capture to be made available in all teaching rooms, video in larger rooms only
- The computer in the room will be set up to make the recordings
- Recorded lectures can be directly linked to the lecturer’s Moodle course and automatically uploaded
- Lecturers and students will need to give written consent for their recordings to be used.
We are conducting a trial in spring/summer 2012, with a view to rolling out the system across campus at the beginning of the next academic year.